예약금없는출장샵
  • 화성누들누 드
  • 대구출장안마
  • 창원출장샵
  • 성남동래 마사지
  • 화성출장샵◑출장부르는법η화성거유 마사지〔화성나고야 여성 전용 마사지〕✈﹝화성안마방 스킬﹞➶화성포승읍 안마방✄화성태국 에스코트 걸↺화성경동맥 마사지⇐화성안마방 청룡열차➵화성포항 북구 안마방

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    dhc2016.xyz
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    화성출장샵♣24시출장샵╓화성거유 마사지〔화성커플 마사지 후기〕◄﹝화성정액 마사지﹞ヤ화성안마방 torrent✡화성여인숙 가격┨화성신림 아로마 마사지◦화성양재 안마방♣화성마사지 동영상

    The governments of more than 190 nations 창원안마방 2:1 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    화성출장샵✔예약♬화성거유 마사지〔화성안산 마사지〕✐﹝화성마사지 마무리﹞τ화성전주 마사지⇙화성대만 호텔 마사지ル화성속초 여관╋화성센슈얼 마사지←화성안마방 잠

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    화성출장샵♦24시출장샵♤화성거유 마사지〔화성가락시장 마사지〕ρ﹝화성안마방 긴밤﹞0화성안마방 영업시간▶화성신천 안마방♪ 화성포항 마사지 후기┲화성안마방 태국녀☄화성등 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 온라인카지노 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    화성출장샵フ24시출장샵☃화성거유 마사지〔화성사우나 마사지〕⇛﹝화성남자 출장 마사지﹞⇪화성중국전통마사지μ화성평택 모텔 추천⇚화성안마방 초이스 torrent⇄화성일산 모텔 추천▶화성부평 에이스 안마방

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 안동오피스 걸 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    화성출장샵➺출장부르는법»화성거유 마사지〔화성논산 안마방〕✈﹝화성여자 안마방﹞♪화성안마방 경험.화성북창동 후기☳화성전립선 마사지 영상┎화성동탄 마사지➻화성대전 유성 안마방

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 군산출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    화성출장샵화성다방 콜

  • 순천안마방 수면실
  • 화성양평 마사지
  • 화성출장샵
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    화성출장샵⇘24시출장샵♬화성거유 마사지〔화성장한평 안마방〕♮﹝화성국노 torrent﹞↹화성수원 마사지╚화성부천 마사지∴화성마누라 마사지┌화성전주 안마방╬ 화성천안 출장 마사지

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 광주태국 에스코트 비용 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 전주출장안마 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    목포출장안마
    무안범계 마사지 창원출장안마 순창호치민 호텔 마사지
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, loveyangju.xyz – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    화성출장샵◐출장부르는법┎화성거유 마사지〔화성흑인 마사지〕┬﹝화성오야넷 마사지﹞☻화성스웨디시 마사지 정의⇅화성제천 안마방╦화성스포츠 마사지 후기▣화성안마방 복장╯화성대만 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 순창모텔 다방 가격 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    화성출장샵↼24시출장샵ο화성거유 마사지〔화성스포츠마사지〕☆﹝화성출장오쓰피걸﹞▼화성사당 안마방↦화성영주 마사지»화성aktkwl◈화성대전복합터미널 마사지☌화성마사지 알바

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 카지노사이트 .

    아산구로 안마방
    안산이태원 마사지 천안출장샵 홍성노원 안마방
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    화성출장샵▬24시출장샵▲화성거유 마사지〔화성석계역 안마방〕◥﹝화성출장 마사지﹞┇화성안산 조건✲화성출장오피✘화성마사지 포르노➹화성하드코어 안마방▫화성종로 안마방

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 카지노사이트 .

    화성출장샵♟예약█화성거유 마사지〔화성부산 연산동 출장〕▧﹝화성강동구 안마방﹞➺화성커플 마사지 tumblrク화성포항 마사지 후기✆화성무거동 출장➽화성출장안마추천┪화성장 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 원주출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 고양삼성역 안마방 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    화성출장샵π24시출장샵✆화성거유 마사지〔화성강남 안마방 내상〕τ﹝화성한국 안마방﹞✕화성여관 미시→화성레즈 마사지☪화성안마방 추천▪화성포천 안마방▬화성여관 녀

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    화성출장샵┧예약금없는출장샵⇢화성거유 마사지〔화성새로운 안마방 아가씨〕卐﹝화성방이동 여관﹞┨화성고시촌 안마방✤화성출장대행◑화성강남구청 안마방∴화성상암동 안마방⇢화성고잔동 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 창원양산 젤리 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 대전출장샵 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 카지노사이트 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 청주여성 전신 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 울산출장안마 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    화성출장샵☻예약♀화성거유 마사지〔화성경마 시간〕ム﹝화성타이 마사지﹞☈화성전립선 마사지 하는 법↴화성사상 출장♛화성안마방 리뷰♐화성옆광대 마사지▧화성상추 안마방

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 바카라사이트 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 전주출장샵 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 온라인카지노 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    화성출장샵╨출장부르는법┅화성거유 마사지〔화성죽전 안마방〕ヨ﹝화성별내 안마방﹞├화성포천 안마방❖화성남부터미널 안마방♞화성고잔동 마사지┏화성아로마마사지 팁↼화성범계 안마방

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    영동tumblr 모텔
    카지노사이트 통영슈얼 마사지 대구출장샵
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    화성출장샵◕출장부르는법╙화성거유 마사지〔화성안마방 찾기〕↶﹝화성출장업소﹞⇪화성구미 봉곡동 마사지✈화성대구 마사지«화성유부녀 마사지⇜화성건식 마사지↔화성송파 안마방

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.화성출장샵화성안마방 빨리싸면☜화성운서동 안마방☣﹝화성마사지 품번﹞화성안마방 교복☈화성여인숙 가격┾화성배곧 마사지▦화성선입금 출장✔평택출장샵출장부르는법화성구미 안마방◘화성유흥 마사지▀{화성대구 커플 동영상}화성거제 안마방 추천★화성전주 모텔 가격☏화성안마방 69╩화성화명동 마사지↕화성출장샵거창마산 모텔 추천화성도봉구 안마방↼화성건대 마사지❃﹝화성전기 마사지﹞화성안마방 퇴폐〓화성안마방 구분➧화성온양 마사지☭화성aktkwl☵화성전북 안마방ヤ화성대전 안마방 후기➽﹝화성안마방 투샷 가격﹞화성강서구 안마방★화성광주 모텔 추천♨화성아로마마사지 꿀팁ヘ화성모텔 여자1화성천안 립♢화성호구포 마사지⇪﹛화성안마방 수면﹜화성누루 마사지♣화성안마방 빨리싸면♨화성대전 유성 안마방✍화성평촌 안마방☎화성필리핀 마사지웃화성모텔출장마사지샵↓﹝화성스포츠마사지﹞화성포항 모텔 추천✈화성목포 안마방┵화성창원 출장 숙소↓화성전립선 마사지 후기⇌출장부르는법보령영주 마사지24시출장샵화성마사지 젤♛화성상추 안마방⊙﹛화성블라디보스톡 마사지﹜화성해변 마사지✤화성서귀포 마사지⇀화성하단 안마방✦화성부산 여관 가격♣화성출장샵화성출장샵대전출장샵화성출장서비스화성오류동 마사지화성안마방 수면화성진접 안마방화성출장샵화성출장아가씨✔화성손가락 마사지✘〈화성강서구청 마사지〉화성서울대입구 안마방♫화성강남역 마사지┅화성안마방 부산┱화성fc2 일본 마사지ト제주도수암 마사지

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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